Use Arabic superscript for in-text citations
Below are two Physical Therapy Case report sample papers that exemplify best practice in writing in AMA style:
In 2020 the Journal of the American Medical Association released the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style. Updates include patient first inclusive language, updated guidance in legal and ethical issues, and comprehensive updates of references for digital formatting and social media. Please consult your professor if you need assistance with formatting your manuscript. Feel free to contact a librarian for assistance in navigating references and citations in AMA.
Use Superscript to type very small letters just above the line of the text. Place your cursor where you want the reference, select the X superscript, type in your reference number or pages, and then select the X again.
Use the NY Medical College AMA for detailed information.
In AMA style, references at the end of the manuscript are listed in numerical order based on the order in which they are mentioned in the text.
Note: all authors should be cited, unless there are 6 or more authors. IF 6 or more authors are listed, the first three should be listed in order of published attribution followed by et al.
Author AA. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. Year of publication;volume(issue):complete page numbers.
1. Song Z, Xu Y, Bao L, et al. From SARS to MERS, thrusting coronaviruses into the spotlight. Viruses. 2019;11(1):11. doi:10.3390/v11010059
Online article - General formatting
Author AA. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. Year of publication;volume(issue):page numbers/article number. DOI
Example With DOI
2. Towfighi A, Markovic D, Ovbiagele B. Utility of Framingham coronary disease risk score for predicting cardiac risk after stroke. Stroke. 2012;43(11):2942-2947. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.112.668319
Example With URL
3. Ng L, Karunasinghe N, Benjamin CS, Ferguson LR. Beyond PSA: are new prostate cancer biomarkers of potential value to New Zealand doctors? N Z Med J. 2012;125(1353). Accessed April 15, 2020. https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal-articles/beyond-psa-are-new-prostate-cancer-biomarkers-of-potential-value-to-new-zealand-doctors/
General format: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of book. Edition number (if beyond first). Publisher name; year of publication. To indicate online access, add the word Accessed and the date you accessed the item, then the URL.
4. Law M, Baptiste S, Carswell A, McColl MA, Polatajko H, Pollock N. Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). 5th ed. Ottawa, ON: CAOT Publications ACE; 2014.
Note: cite both the author of the book and the author of the chapter- even if they are the same author.
4. Boushey CJ. Application of research paradigms to nutrition practice. In: Coulston AM, Boushey CJ, Ferruzzi MG, eds. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease. 3rd ed. Academic Press; 2013:99- 105
5. Connecting people with resources. Facebook Preventive Health website. Accessed March 16, 2020. https://preventivehealth.facebook. com/
6. Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. What you need to know to apply. https://www.pcori.org/funding-opportunities/what-you-need-know-apply#content-1183. Published 2019. Accessed May 16, 2018.
Transcripts of Audio, Radio, Television, or Podcasts.
7. Families describe how they felt hearing about an autism diagnosis. Transcript. Weekend Edition Saturday. National Public Radio. January 16, 2016. Accessed October 20, 2016. http:// www.npr.org/ 2016/ 01/ 15/ 463221381/ families- describe- how- they- felt- hearing- about- an- autism- diagnosis
Social Media including YouTube, Twitter and Facebook
8. American Physical Therapy Association YouTube page. Accessed May 10, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/user/APTAvideo
9. @AMAManual. That comma is up to your discretion. Formal AMA style is author, author, author, et al (serial comma). Having only 2 items changes things. No confusion, less clutter to omit that comma in a slide. (Note: this is just a suggestion for PPT, not a formal style ruling for all uses.) April 27, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2020. https://twitter.com/AMAManual/status/1254876008206995463
Posters and infographics
10. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Zombie preparedness: poster. Accessed December 22, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/cpr/zombie/posters.htm
11. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Are you prepared? Accessed December 21, 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/cpr/infographics/00_docs/Emergency-kit-infographic_508.pdf
This guide was reused and adapted from Marymount University Libraries. https://marymount.libguides.com/AMA
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